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Upon a country's full independence from the United Kingdom, Anglophone Caribbean or Commonwealth Caribbean traditionally becomes the preferred sub-regional term as a replacement to British West Indies.[1]



The independent island-nations that are considered as Commonwealth Caribbean include:

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg/23px-Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg.png Antigua and Barbuda

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg.png The Bahamas

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Flag_of_Barbados.svg/23px-Flag_of_Barbados.svg.png Barbados

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Dominica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Dominica.svg.png Dominica

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Grenada.svg/23px-Flag_of_Grenada.svg.png Grenada

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Jamaica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Jamaica.svg.png Jamaica

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg.png Saint Kitts and Nevis

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg.png Saint Lucia

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg.png Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg/23px-Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg.png Trinidad and Tobago


Anglophone Caribbean also refers to the independent English-speaking countries known as the "Mainland Caribbean". These include:

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Flag_of_Belize.svg/23px-Flag_of_Belize.svg.png Belize, once known as British Honduras.

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_Guyana.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guyana.svg.png Guyana, once known as British Guiana.



The Anglophone Caribbean makes up a composite cricket team. The West Indies cricket team also includes Guyana, as another former British colony. Bermuda, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, and the English-speaking Dutch West Indies also participate in Anglophone Caribbean-related sports activities such as 20/20 Cricket.



What is Guyana best known for?


·       Guyana is known for being the only English-speaking country in South America, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. The country is also known for bauxite and gold reserves, rice fields, sugarcane plantations and well-preserved rainforests. Guyana's natural resources are its most notable economic assets.


1                CURRENCY

Guyanese dollars (GYD) per US dollar -

206.5 (2015 est.)

206.45 (2014 est.)

206.45 (2013 est.)

204.36 (2012 est.)

204.02 (2011 est.)


Is Guyana a part of the West Indies?


·       I am from Guyana and yes geographically we are from South America, but culturally we are considered Caribbean/ West Indians. Guyana is a part of CARICOM. We share the same culture as the other West Indian Islands


Is Guyana a part of the Caribbean?


·       Guyana (pronounced /ɡaɪˈɑːnə/ or /ɡaɪˈænə/), officially the Co-operative Republic ofGuyana, is a sovereign state on the northern coast of South America. Along with being part of the Anglophone Caribbean Guyana is one of the few Caribbeancountries that is not an island.


Where is the country Guyana?


·       Guyana (full name is Republic of Guyana) is a tropical country situated on the northern coast of South America. It is the only country in South America where English is the official language. It is bordered by Venezuela on the west, Suriname on the east, Brazil on the south and the Atlantic Ocean on the north.




·       Guyana has an area of 214,969 sq km (83,000 sq mi), about the size of Great Britain.

·      The name Guyana is an Amerindian word meaning Land Of Many Waters.

·      Guyana is notably famous for Kaieteur Falls, which is situated on the Potaro River, where that river falls off the Pakaraima Plateau.Kaieteur Falls

·      Kaieteur is one of the highest waterfalls in the world, being nearly five times as high as the Niagara Falls in North America. Our Falls have a clear drop of 741 feet, then a further drop of 81 feet over the great rocks at the bottom. 

·      In Georgetown, familiar landmarks include the lively Stabroek Market, the sea-wall and the Anglican cathedral of St George, the tallest wooden building in the world.

2                ECONOMY & GOVERNMENT


Cooperative Republic of Guyana


Capital: Georgetown


Formerly British Guiana, the name is derived from Guiana, the original name for the region that included British Guiana, Dutch Guiana, and French Guiana; ultimately the word is derived from an indigenous Amerindian language and means "land of many waters" (referring to the area's multitude of rivers and streams)


Government type:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

·    parliamentary republic

time difference:

·       UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)


·    26 May 1966 (from the UK)


·    several previous; latest promulgated 6 October 1980; amended many times, last in 2009; note - in 2015, Guinea's High Court reversed the constitutional two-term presidential limit (2016)

Legal system:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

·    common law system, based on the English model, with some Roman-Dutch civil law influence

International law organization participation:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

·    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction




·      Guyana has a population of 758,619 (1991 estimate). About 50 percent of the people are of East Indian descent, and about 30 percent are of black African descent. Five percent are Native Amerindians, and about 10 percent are of mixed background. Others include Chinese and Europeans. About 90 percent of the mostly rural population lives along the coast. About 42 percent are Christians, 34 percent are Hindus, and 9 percent are Muslims. The country's official language is English.


4                OFFICIAL LANGUAGE


·       English (official), Guyanese Creole, Amerindian languages (including Caribbean and Arawak languages), Indian languages (including Caribbean Hindustani, a dialect of Hindi), Chinese (2014 est.)


5                POLITICS & CABINET

Executive branch:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

·       chief of state: President David GRANGER (since 16 May 2015)

·       head of government: Prime Minister Moses NAGAMOOTOO (since 20 May 2015)

·       cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly

·       elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by the National Assembly from party lists to serve a 5-year term (no term limits); election last held on 11 May 2015 (next to be held in 2020); prime minister appointed by the president

·       election results: David GRANGER (APNU-AFC) elected president by National Assembly; percent of vote - 50.3%

·       Education minister: The Honorable Dr. Rupert Roopnaraine

Diplomatic representation in the US:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

·       chief of mission: Ambassador Bayney KARRAN (since 4 December 2003)

·       chancery: 2490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

·       telephone: [1] (202) 265-6900

·       FAX: [1] (202) 232-1297

·       consulate(s) general: New York

Diplomatic representation from the US:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

·       chief of mission: Ambassador Perry L. HOLLOWAY (since 2 October 2015)

·       embassy: US Embassy, 100 Young and Duke Streets, Kingston, Georgetown

·       mailing address: P. O. Box 10507, Georgetown; US Embassy, 3170 Georgetown Place, Washington DC 20521-3170

·       telephone: [592] 225-4900 through 4909

·       FAX: [592] 225-8497





7                SOVEREIGNTY


The country’s principal institution of higher education, the University of Guyana (1963), in Georgetown, was attended by about 2300 students.


Minister of Education, The Honorable Dr. Rupert Roopnaraine


Strategic collaborations between the Ministry of Education and the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC) are expected to improve the quality of all primary grade assessments. This disclosure was yesterday (July 11, 2016) made by Minister of Education, Dr. Rupert Roopnaraine, during a televised unveiling of the 2016 National Grade Six Assessment (NGSA) held at the National Centre for Educational Resource Development.news 2015 09 18 pic1

According to the Minister, his Ministry has already commenced collaboration with CXC.

To this end, local teachers, subject specialists and test development officers were tasked with developing all items for the 2016 NGSA, with the technical guidance of CXC. The support from CXC also included making the local professionals competent to address key areas such as item construction, weighting of items, sampling and other psychometric elements.

According to Minister Roopnaraine, “the objective of this consultation is to ensure that all assessments conform to regional and international test development and administration standards and expectations to facilitate consistent, reliable measurement and tracking of pupil performance.”
The 2016 NGSA was written on April 27 and 28. A total of 14, 386 candidates were assessed in the subject areas of Mathematics, Science, Social Studies and English Language.

According to Minister Roopnaraine, among the areas tested for each subject were: Mathematics – Knowledge, Algorithmic Thinking, Reasoning; Science – Knowledge, Comprehension, Application; Social Studies – Knowledge, Conceptual Understanding, Use of Knowledge and English Language – Reading, Comprehension and Vocabulary: Structure and Mechanics; Content, Focus, Vocabulary; Language and Organization.
The highest possible standardized scores obtainable were Mathematics – 162, English – 138, Social Studies–134 and Science – 149. The highest possible total score obtainable was 583.

The top performers, Anthony Ferreira and Aryan Singh both secured a score of 568.

They are both eligible to attend Queen’s College. In fact pupils who score up to 541 marks can attend the country’s premier secondary school.
The debate about President’s College (PC) being named a top school was again yesterday clarified by Minister Roopnaraine who pointed out that while PC is one of the ‘A’ schools in Region Four, non-residential places are awarded to candidates in Region Four from Mahaica to Cummings Lodge, who have attained a minimum score of 493 marks. However, residential places are offered to candidates from Regions One, Two, Five Six, Seven, Eight, Nine and 10 who have attained scores of 493 marks and above.

A total of 225 candidates from schools in Regions One, Two, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine and 10 are eligible for entry into the school.
The cut off score for The Bishops’ High School is 531, while the score for St. Stanislaus College is 522, St. Rose’s High 516 and St. Joseph High (508).

Overall Subject Analysis
According to the Minister, while the performance in English Language and Social Studies this year has been consistent with previous years, this was not the same for Mathematics and Science. Both fell below what was obtained in previous years, he admitted.

The Minister divulged that the pupils who secured the highest marks in the subject area of English are: Annalisa Charles (Leonora Primary); Jordan Nelson (New Guyana School); Marissa Mal (Providence Primary); Latannei Schultz (St Therese Primary) and Bhnaymattie Harnauth (Success Elementary). The best performance in Mathematics was secured by one of the top national performances, Aryan Singh (Dharmic Rama Krishna), who also produced the best performance in Social Studies.

The best science performers in Science this year are: Annandi Diaram (Valmiki Vidyalaya); Raoul Nicholls (New Guyana School) and Muhammed Hassad (Al Ghazali Islamic).

The Ministry, according to Minister Roopnaraine, is currently conducting an analysis to ascertain the specific areas in which pupils experienced the greatest difficulty. He disclosed that the ministry has made concerted efforts to include items that would stimulate critical and higher level thinking.

The Minister highlighted that “the analysis of the 2016 assessment results will have deep implications for the instructional approaches adopted by teachers going forward.”

He asserted yesterday too that “the practices of drilling and teaching to the test that had been adopted over the years, will do little to benefit pupils in this new dispensation.” As such, the Minister assured that “work will be continued throughout the system to ensure that teachers focus on fully teaching the appropriate concepts and raise pupils’ competence levels rather than employing the antiquated traditional approaches.”


9 Economy and Government

On February 23rd, 1970 Guyana became a republic. The country is now called The Cooperative Republic of Guyana.

A new constitution became effective in 1980. Burnham was then elected president. He governed until his death in 1985, when Desmond Hoyte of the PNC became president. In 1992 an internationally supervised election returned Jagan and the PPP to power.
Elections were held again in December of 1997, and the
 PPP/Civic under the leadership of Janet Jagan (the widow of the late Cheddi Jagan), won a second mandate.

On August 8th. 1999 President Janet Jagan announced that she is stepping down for health reasons and handing over the Presidency to Finance Minister Bharrat Jagdeo.

Once again on March 19th. 2001, the Guyanese People went again to the Polls. The PPP/Civic once again won the elections.

The economy is dominated by agriculture, concentrated largely on the alluvial belt along the coast. Sugar and rice account for most agricultural exports. Forestry and fishing industries also contribute to the economy, and Guyana is a major producer of the mineral bauxite. Manufacturing remains limited. The currency is the Guyana dollar (135 Guyana dollars equal U.S.$1; 1997,approx.). Guyana's chief executive is a president, elected to a five-year term by the unicameral National Assembly. The Assembly consists of 12 nonelected members and 53 members elected to five-year terms.




President David Granger has now appointed his new Cabinet following the general election on 11th May.

The Cabinet consists of 27 people including the President and three Ministers within the Presidency (Jo Harmon, Raphael Trotman and Winston Felix). The remaining 23 Ministers come under the Prime Minister.

The full list of the Cabinet as compiled from a number of sources is as follows:

Moses Nagamootoo

Prime Minister and First Vice-President

Joseph Harmon

Minister of the Presidency

Basil Williams

Attorney General and Minister of Legal Affairs

Khemraj Ramjattan

Minister of National Security

Winston DaCosta Jordan

Minister of Finance

Carl Greenidge

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Dr Rupert Roopnaraine

Minister of Education

David Patterson

Minister of Public Infrastructure

Dr George Norton

Minister of Public Health

Volda Lawrence

Minister of Social Protection

Ronald Azam Bulkan

Minister of Communities

Cathy Hughes

Minister Tourism

Amna Ally

Minister of Social Cohesion

Noel Holder

Minister of Agriculture

Sydney Allicock

Minister of Indigenous People’s Affairs

Dominic Gaskin

Minister of Investment & Business

Raphael Trotman

Minister of Governance

Winston Felix

Minister of Citizenship

Nicolette Henry

Minister within the Ministry of Education

Annette Ferguson

Minister within the Ministry of Public Infrastructure

Dr Karen Cummings

Minister within the Ministry of Public Health

Simona Broomes

Minister within the Ministry of Social Protection

Keith Scott

Minister within the Ministry of Public Infrastructure

Dawn Hastings

Minister within the Ministry of Communities

Jaipaul Sharma

Minister within the Ministry of Finance

Valarie Garrido-Lowe

Minister within the Ministry of Finance

Tagged with: Cabinet • David Granger • full list • President

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name: "Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains"

lyrics/music: Archibald Leonard LUKERL/Robert Cyril Gladstone POTTER

note: adopted 1966






Moses Nagamootoo

Prime Minister of Guyana


Assumed office
20 May 2015


David Granger

Preceded by

Sam Hinds

Personal details


30 November 1947 (age 68)
Whim, British Guiana

Political party

Alliance for Change

Other political

A Partnership for National



The President of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana is the head of state and the head of government of Guyana, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Guyana Defence Force, according to the Constitution of Guyana. The President is also the Chancellor of the Orders of Guyana.[ The President of Guyana is elected for a 5 year term.

Brigadier David Arthur Granger (born 15 July 1945) is a Guyanese politician and retired military officer who has beenPresident of Guyana since 2015. He served for a time as Commander of the Guyana Defence Force and subsequently as National Security Adviser from 1990 to 1992. He was Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly of Guyana from 2012 to 2015.

Granger stood as the opposition coalition's presidential candidate in the November 2011 general election, but was defeated. He was elected as President in the May 2015 general election.



Assumed office
16 May 2015

Prime Minister

Moses Nagamootoo

Preceded by

Donald Ramotar

Personal details


David Arthur Granger
15 July 1945
 (age 70)
Georgetown, British Guiana(now Guyana)

Political party

People's National Congress

Other political

A Partnership for National Unity


Sandra Granger



Military service


https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_Guyana.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guyana.svg.png Guyana

Years of service